The resource file azuredeploy.json

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2015-01-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "storageAccountType": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "Standard_LRS",
      "allowedValues": [
        "Standard_LRS",
        "Standard_GRS",
        "Standard_ZRS",
        "Premium_LRS"
      ],
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Storage Account type"
      }
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Location for all resources."
      }
    }
  },
  "variables": {
    "storageAccountName": "[concat('store', uniquestring(resourceGroup().id))]"
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts",
      "name": "[variables('storageAccountName')]",
      "location": "[parameters('location')]",
      "apiVersion": "2018-07-01",
      "sku": {
        "name": "[parameters('storageAccountType')]"
      },
      "kind": "StorageV2",
      "properties": {}
    }
  ],
  "outputs": {
    "storageAccountName": {
      "type": "string",
      "value": "[variables('storageAccountName')]"
    },
    "storageUri": {
        "type":"string",
        "value":"[reference(variables('storageAccountName')).primaryEndpoints.blob]"
    }
  }
}

Go to https://shell.azure.com and open your subscription.

In bash format (not PowerShell) run the following scripts.

First - Create the Resource Group if doesn't exist

az group create --name ExampleGroup --location "Central US"

Second - Upload the json file into the storage account of shell

Shell upload
Select the template file to be uploaded

Finally - Deploy the resources into the Resource Group created

az group deployment create \
 --name ExampleDeployment \
 --resource-group ExampleGroup \
 --template-file azuredeploy.json \
 --parameters storageAccountType=Standard_GRS

Parameters file

The parameters file can be used to pass parameters instead of command line.

Name: azuredeploy.parameters.json

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2015-01-01/deploymentParameters.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
     "storageAccountType": {
         "value": "Standard_GRS"
     }
  }
}

The command change a little.

az group deployment create \
 --name ExampleDeployment \
 --resource-group ExampleGroup \
 --template-file azuredeploy.json \
 --parameters azuredeploy.parameters.json

Sample Azure Storage template

https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Azure/azure-quickstart-templates/master/101-storage-account-create/azuredeploy.json